Torquil Dubh MACLEOD (XII Baron Lewes)

Father: Roderick "Old_Ruari" MACLEOD
Mother: Janet MACLEAN

Family 1: Christina MACLEOD
  1. Roderick MACLEOD
  2. William MACLEOD
  3. Torquil MACLEOD

                                                                                       _Torquil MACLEOD _______
                                                          _Roderick Ruaidhri MACLEOD _|_Catharine CAMPBELL ____
                                 _Malcolm MACLEOD _______|
                                |                        |                             _Sir Kenneth MACKENZIE _
                                |                        |_Agnes MACKENZIE ___________|_Agnes LOVAT ___________
 _Roderick "Old_Ruari" MACLEOD _|
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|                               |                         _Thomas URQUHART,_BARON ____|________________________
|                               |_Christian URQUHART ____|
|                                                        |                             ________________________
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|
|--Torquil Dubh MACLEOD 
|
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|                                _Hector Og MACLEAN_XII _|
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|_Janet MACLEAN ________________|
                                |                                                      ________________________
                                |                         ____________________________|________________________
                                |________________________|
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INDEX

Notes

!BIOGRAPHY: BURKE'S LANDED GENTRY, Eighteenth Edition, Vol. II, London, Burke's Peerage Limited, 1969, pp. 416-417. Declared heir, and for a time maintained possession of the Lewes, m. a sister of Rory Mor Macleod, 15th of Dunvegan, and was killed by his eldest brother Torquil Conanach, leaving issue, three sons, who d.s.p.

!BIOGRAPHY: Rev. Dr. Donald MacKinnon, and Alick Morrison, MACLEOD CHIEFS OF HARRIS AND DUNVEGAN, Edinburgh, The Clan MacLeod Society, 1969, p. 22. Christina, who married, as her first husband, Torquil Dubh MacLeod, son of Roderick MacLeod, 9th of Lewis, with issue, and, as her second husband, Ranald MacDonald, 1st of the MacDonalds of Benbecula, without issue.

!BIOGRAPHY: John Burke, Esq., HISTORY OF THE COMMONERS OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND, Vol. IV, Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co., 1977, pp. 584-592. Torquil, twelfth Baron of Lewis, whose title, however, was disputed by Torquil Connanach. The island estates were all held by Torquil Dubh, whilst the mainland estates were in the possession of Torquil Connanach, whose right however, to the whole, had recently been acknowledged by government. Torquil Connanach had now lost both his sons, John, the eldest, having been killed at Stornoway, and the second, Neill, dead of a fever. He had married his eldest daughter, Margaret, to Sir Roderick Mackenzie, of Tarbat, brother of Mackenzie of Kintail, and ancestor of the Earls of Cromarty. He now threw himself entirely into the hands of the Mackenzies, to whom, in the end, he even conveyed the barony of the Lewis, so far as writing could accomplish this object. The estate of Lochbroom, and a great deal more of the Lewis property, was given by Torquil Connanach to his daughter, Margaret, as a dowry; and her husband joined the Lewis arms with his own. In the mean time, Torquil Dubh, married a sister of MacLeod of Herries, and proceeded to ravage the lands of Coigach and Lochbroom, openly announcing his intention of keeping by force what he had hitherto possessed. As this young chief was much beloved by his clan, and was followed by 700 or 800 men, he was enabled for some time, to set his rival at defiance, in spite of the power of the Mackenzies. At length, his enemies made a complaint against him to the privy council, of which body, unfortunately, Mackenzie of Kintail was a member. Torquil was summoned before the council, but naturally hesitating to trust himself, in a court, where his enemy Kintail had so much power, he was denounced as a rebel, and being soon afterwards treacherously seized, by the breve or judge of Lewis, and delivered by him to Mackenzie, Torquil Dubh was, without further ceremony, beheaded in July, 1597. Torquil Dubh left three young sons, Roderick, William, and Torquil, whose cause in the Lewis was supported by the Macleans, and Macleods of Herries, and also their natural uncle Niell, who took command of the Siol Torquil, during the minority of young Roderick. At this same time the Mackenzies tried to sieze the whole lands of Gairloch from Siol Vic Gillecallum, of Rasay, which renewed an ancient feud between these two families. In the year 1598, an act was passed by the government, by which all chiefs, and others, possessing, or pretending any right to, property of any kind in the Highlands and Isles, were to show their various title deeds before the lords of the Exchequer, on the 15th May, 1598. Absolute forfeiture was the penalty of disobedience to this act, and unfortunately, the Macleods of Lewis were amongst the number of those who did not obey.

!SOURCE: Alick Morrison, THE MACLEODS: THE GENEALOGY OF A CLAN, Section IV, Revised Edition, "The MacLeods of Lewis", Edinburgh, Associated Clan MacLeod Societies, 1990, pp. 8, 12. Torquil (Torcall Dubh)... was executed in July 1597. He married Christina, daughter of Norman MacLeod of Dunvegan. [MGC (I) p. 22.] Torquil Dubh prosecuted the feud with Torquil Cononach with ruthless Macleod intensity. In 1596 both of them declared their submission to the King, doubtless hoping to profit therebgy to the detriment of the other. They were accordingly both withdrawn from the list of rebels who had been active while the King was occupied in suppressing the Catholic earls. [Balcarres Papers. vol. VI. no. 70.] If anybody, the King favoured Torquil Cononach, [RSS, MS Vol. LXVIII, folio 298.] who nevertheless amde little headway in the Long Island. On the contrary, Torquil Dubh attacked him successfully in Coigeach itself [Record of the Privy Council, 11 February 1596/7.] and was consequently summoned to appear before the Council, of which Kintail was an influential member. Torquil Dubh was understandably reluctant to appear, was declared rebellious and soon afterwards treacherously seized by the Morrison brieve and handed over to MacKenzie. He was summarily beheaded in July 1597. In December of the same year an Act of Parliement required "all landlords,chieftains, leaders of clans, principal householders, heritors, and others possessing, or pretending right to, any lands in the Highlands and Islands to produce their various title deeds before the Lords of the Exchequer upon the 15thMay 1598". [D. Gregory (1881/1975) p. 276.] Failure to do so would result in absolute forfeiture of all titles, real or claimed. The intention was, without doubt, to put large areas of the Highlands and Islands at the King's disposal in order that he might pursue his plans for raising cash by the privatisation of regional development there. The lands of the Macdonalds and both branches of the MacLEods were thus forfeited, by default, to the Crown in 1598. The brunt of the ensuing exploitation was to fall on the disorganised Macleods of Lewis. Although the common interest ought to have united them all in opposition to the King's colonial ambitions, the Macdonalds and the MacLeods of Dunvegan chose to wait and see what should happen in Lewis. The saga of the Fife Adventurers in Lewis is part of the public history. In this three-cornered contest, the gentlemen from the Lowlands were trying to do their best according to their lights. The attitude fo some of the Macleod leaders was ambivalent, but the population as a whole wanted nothing of them. In the third corner sat Kintail, feeling no sympathy for the Macleods, but neither aiding nor opposing the King; he bided his time, only intervening to ensure that the contest should continue until both Macleods and Adventurers were exhausted to the point of collapse. The Adventurers landed in Lewis in late 1598 [W.C.MacKenzie (1903/1974) pp. 182ff.] and encountered immediate opposition. They came, however, to an understanding with Neil, one of Old Ruari's bastard sons and head of the Resistance. neil, who was in feud with his half-brother, Murdo, slaughtered a dozen leading Morriosn, but delivered Murdo to the Adventurers at their request. Murdo was executed at Saint Andrews soon afterwards. Neil took his bloody trophies to Edinburgh and negotiated a pardon. The Adventurers were encouraged to build the "prettie toun" of Stornoway. [W.C.MacKenzie (1903/1974) p. 199.] In 1601 a new commission was granted to the Earls of Lennox and Huntly to move in thier support, but the expedition was to be privatised; the earls, not the King, should bear all the costs. In Lewis, Neil agian quarrelled with the Fifers, outwitted them when they tried to surprise him and inflicted heavy casualties on them and their property. Kintail found this a good moment to release Tormod, the youngest brother of Torquil Dubh Macleod, whom he had been holding prisoner - illegally. The young chief's return stimulated the Resistance to a successful attack on the Adventurers which forced them to withdraw from Lewis on humiliating terms. The King reacted violently, but he could do nothing until 1605 when a new wave of Adventurers were able to come to land. They entered into negotiations with Tormod who, against Neil's advice, agreed to go to London to plead the Islanders' case with the King. For his pains he was imprsoned in Edinburgh for the next ten years. In 1607, Huntly was commissioned to pacify the islands and, amonst other things, to "end the service, by extirpation of the barbarous people of the Isles, within a year". [Record of the Privy Council, 26 March - 30 April 1607. Denmylne MS, Advocates' Library.] For perhaps purely accidental reasons, the marquess was unable to carry out the intended holocaust. The remaining Adventurers were much dispirited. Kintail thought this a good time to exploit the writs and the charters entrusted to him by Torquil Cononach and to make his bid for the grant of Lewis to himself, but the Adventurers still had enough political clout with the King to defeat this manoeuvre for the time being. A new grant was made to Lord Balmerino, Sir George Hay and Sir James Spens. [Sir R. Gordon (1813) pp. 273-274; Letterfearn MS.] So, while events in the south slowly moved towards the framing of the Statutes of Ocolmkill 1609, Lewis remained in turmoil. Continually harassed by Neil Macleod, who - needless to say - was secretly abetted by Kintail, the Adventurers at last gave up the struggle in 1610 and sold their rights to MacKenzie. [RMS (VI) no. 341.] That nobleman lost no time in landing his troops under Sir Roderick, the tutor, and subduing the whole island. Only Neil Macleod, supported by his nephews, Malcolm William and Ruari and some thirty others, held out in his island fastness of Bearasay in the mouth of Loch Roag. This inglorious chapter ended with Neil's voluntary surrender to MacLeod of Dunvegan who eventually turned him over the Privy Council (and was knighted soon afterwards). Neil was tried, convicted, hanged and died "verie christianlie" in April 1613. His son, Donald, was released, went to England and thence to Holland where he died without known issue. Of Rory Og's sons, William and Rory were hanged by Kintail, but the third, Malcolm escaped and lived by piracy along th coast. He supported Sir James Macdonald during his short rebellion and after its collapse accompanied him to Ireland and Spain. He re-appeared in the islands from time to time to harry the MacKenzies, since commissions of fire ans sword against him were granted to Kintail in 1622 and again in 1626. [Record of the Privy Council, 14th November 1622; 28th November 1626.] It is not know what became of him. When Tormod Macleod, the last legitimate son of Old Ruari, was released from his Edinburgh prison in 1615, he was permitted to go to Holland, where he died without known issue. Of Torquil Dubh's sons, William died young, but Roderick and Torquil of whom Sir Robert Gordon spoke as "youths of great promise" seem to have disappeared without trace. [D. Gregory (1881/1975) p. 338.] History is equally mute about the fate of Neil's two younger sons, Malcolm and William, who were with him on Bearasay. [D. Macdonald (1967) p. 19.]


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